How To Configure An IP Address For PC / Smartphones

IP Address

This article is to enlighten you on what to know about IP Addresses and how to set up an IP Address on your PC and mobile phone.

This article is to enlighten you on what to know about IP Addresses and how to set up an IP Address on your PC and mobile phone.

Meaning Of IP?

IP is a set of rules that govern the format of data sent over the internet or a private network.
As a result, an internet or local network device is identifiable by its IP address, which is a unique address.
Furthermore, IP addresses are the identifiers that allow data to be shared between devices on network: they contain location information and enable the connection between devices.
Also, The internet requires method of differentiating between various computers, routers, and webpages. 
IP addresses are crucial aspect of how the internet operates and give means of doing so.

What Is An IP Address?

An IP address is made up of a series of numbers separated by periods. IP addresses consist of four integers, such as 192.158.1.38. The numbers in the set can be anywhere between 0 and 255. As a result, the IP addressing range now extends from 0.0.0.0 to 255.255.255.255.

IP addresses are not randomly assigned. The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA), which is part of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, is in charge of generating and assigning numerical addresses (ICANN). ICANN is a non-profit organisation based in the United States that was created in 1998 to help maintain the internet safe and accessible to all. A domain name registrar pays ICANN a little fee every time someone registers a domain name on the internet.

IP ADDRESSES TYPES

IP addresses are divided into four categories:

  • Public IP Address; A public IP address is a single main address that is assigned to your whole network. Using this type of IP address, each connected device has the same IP address. Your Internet Service Provider (ISP) assigns this sort of public IP address to your router.
  • Private IP Address; private IP address is unique IP number allocated to each device in your household that connects to your home internet network, including computers, tablets, and smartphones.
    It’s also likely to contain any Bluetooth devices you use, such as printers or printers, smart gadgets like televisions, and so on. 
    The number of private IP addresses you are likely to have in your own house is increasing as the internet of 

    things (IoT) business grows.

  • Dynamic IP Address; Dynamic IP addresses change on a regular basis. It’s a one-time cookie that’s assigned to a device whenever it connects to the internet. Dynamic IP addresses can be tracked back to a set of IP addresses shared by many devices.The dynamic IP address is another important type of internet protocol address. It can only be used for a certain amount of time before it expires.
  • Static IP Address; Static IP addresses are IP addresses that cannot be changed. On the other hand, a Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server will assign a dynamic IP address that is susceptible to change. A static IP address does not change, however it can be altered as part of routine network maintenance.Because static IP addresses are assigned once and remain the same throughout time, they are dependable. This type of IP may also be utilized to gather a large amount of information on a device.

    IP Addresses for Websites

    Below are the two types of IP Addresses for websites;

  • Shared IP Address; Small business websites that do not yet receive many visitors or have numerous files or pages on their site utilize a shared IP address. The IP address is shared with numerous websites and is not unique.
  • Dedicated IP Address; Each website is given its own dedicated IP address. Dedicated IP addresses assist you to avoid being blacklisted as a result of undesirable activity on your server. The dedicated IP address also allows you to access your website without needing your domain name by just typing in the IP address. It also allows you to view your website while your domain is being transferred.

IP Address Versions

There are two versions of IP Addresses. These include;

IPv4

IPv4 was the initial version of the Internet Protocol(IP) Address. In 1983, it was made available for production on the ARPANET. It is now the most extensively used IP version. It is used to identify network devices using an addressing scheme.

IPv4 has a 32-bit address system that allows for the storage of 232 addresses, or more than 4 billion addresses. It is currently the principal Internet Protocol, carrying 94 per cent of Internet traffic.

IPv6

It is the most latest Internet Protocol version. It was started by the Internet Engineer Taskforce in early 1994. IPv6 is the name given to the design and development of that suite.

This new IP address version is being used to meet the increasing demand for Internet addresses. Its goal was to overcome IPv4-related difficulties. It allows 340 undecillion unique address spaces with 128-bit address space.

How To Configure An IP Address On Your PC / SmartPhone

Setting the IP address for PCs and mobile computers running Microsoft® Windows® and Linux® is described in the following processes.

Setting Up An IP address in Windows XP and Windows 2000

Follow these procedures to configure the IP address in Windows XP and Windows 2000.

  • Select Start > Settings > Control Panel from the Start menu.
  • Double-click Network Connections in the control panel.
  • Right-click Local Area Connection and choose Properties.
  • Then choose Properties.
  • Click Properties after selecting Internet Protocol (TCP/IP).
  • Select Use the IP address shown below.
  • Use the information from step 4 of Accessing the ASMI using a Web Browser to fill up the IP address, Subnet Mask, and Default gateway columns.
  • On the Local Area Connection Properties window, click OK. Your computer does not need to be restarted.

Note;

Before making any changes, make note of the existing settings. 
If you disconnect the PC or mobile device after setting up the ASMI Web interface, you’ll be able to recover these settings.

Configuring an IP address In Linux.

Follow these instructions to configure your IP address in Linux.

  • Ascertain that you are logged in as the root user.
  • Open a terminal window.
  • At the command prompt, type ifconfig.
  • Ifconfig eth0 xxx.xxx.xxx netmask xxx.xxx.xxx, where the xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx values are the IP address and Subnet mask values from step 4.
  • Enter the code.

Checking the IP Address of your iPhone / Android

Android

Depending on the Android version, finding the local IP address on an Android smartphone may change from device to device. In general, you should go to Settings and then to Wi-Fi settings. If you haven’t previously done so, connect to a Wi-Fi network to view the IP address.

Once connected, press the network’s name to expand it and see the Advanced section. All network information, including IP addresses, may be found here. At the bottom of the page, you should see the IPv6 address.

iPhone

Select Wi-Fi from the Settings menu. If you haven’t already, join the Wi-Fi network, then touch the network’s name to see further possibilities. Your smartphone’s IPv4 and IPv6 information may be found here.

 

Readers of this article may also like to know the distinctions and features between IPv4 and IPv6.

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